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The basic work index equation is: W = 10 Wi/√P – 10 Wi/√F(1) where W is the work input required in kilowatt hours per short ton to grind from 80% passing F microns to 80% passing P microns, and Wi is the work index, or the grinding resistance parameter. It represents the eneSize Distribution and Exposure RatioEquations For Work Index VariationsWork Index and Crack EnergyThe trend of the particle size distribution line is shown by plotting its screen analysis in, such a manner that a complete homogeneous crushed or ground product will form a straight line; any curvature then indicates a natural or induced grain size. Semi-log paper is used with the percent cumulative retained plotted on the vertical logarithmic scale Y. Straight lines which each represent one mesh sieve size of P1 microns are drawn radiating from the upper left hand corner of the plot; each crosses the 20% retained

Testwork: Bond rod mill work index SAGMILLING.COM

The Bond rod mill work index is not as common as the Bond ball mill work index, and there are two different variations on the mill apparatus.The SAGMILLING.COM models expect a mill with a "wave liner", and is not compatible with mills using "smooth liners".

Rapid determination of Bond rod-mill work index by

Jan 01, 2013· To calculate Bond rod-mill work indices, the four samples were screened and the particle size distributions plotted in Fig. 2.The plot was used to find F 80 of the samples for calculations. Fig. 3, Fig. 4 show the grinding kinetics of Pb, Cu, Fe, and Mn ores in the Bond rod-mill in different test-sieves. The slopes of all lines in the figures are equal to the k value of Eq.

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Commentary on the apparatus of the Bond rod mill work index

A “Bond” rod mill work index is to be determined in an apparatus with a wave liner. The author is aware of four laboratories that offer a rod mill work index test where the lining of the mill is either smooth, or smooth with a small number of primitive lifters that do not constitute a wave liner (one of

Bond Work Index an overview ScienceDirect Topics

The rod mill work index laboratory test is conducted by grinding an ore sample prepared to 80% passing 12.7 mm (½ inch, the original test being developed in imperial units) to a product size of approximately 1 mm (in the original and still the standard, 14 mesh; see Chapter 4 for definition of mesh), thus determining the rod mill work index

Rapid determination of Bond rod-mill work index by

Jan 01, 2013· To calculate Bond rod-mill work indices, the four samples were screened and the particle size distributions plotted in Fig. 2.The plot was used to find F 80 of the samples for calculations. Fig. 3, Fig. 4 show the grinding kinetics of Pb, Cu, Fe, and Mn ores in the Bond rod-mill in different test-sieves. The slopes of all lines in the figures are equal to the k value of Eq.

Commentary on the apparatus of the Bond rod mill work

A “Bond” rod mill work index is to be determined in an apparatus with a wave liner. The author is aware of four laboratories that offer a rod mill work index test where the lining of the mill is either smooth, or smooth with a small number of primitive lifters that do not constitute a wave liner (one of

Bond Work Index an overview ScienceDirect Topics

The rod mill work index laboratory test is conducted by grinding an ore sample prepared to 80% passing 12.7 mm (½ inch, the original test being developed in imperial units) to a product size of approximately 1 mm (in the original and still the standard, 14 mesh; see Chapter 4 for definition of mesh), thus determining the rod mill work index

Table of Bond Work Index by Minerals 911 Metallurgist

Jun 19, 2015· Source 4: Tenova Bateman mills (AG/SAG, Rod, Ball Mills) Source 5: Doering international GmbH cylpebs Source 6: SME handbook of mineral processing, N.L Weiss Editor, NY 1985. Bond Work Index Tester . by David Michaud May 13,

Compare and Understand Rod/Ball/Impact-Crushing/Abrasion

Nov 22, 2015· The Bond rod mill work index (Wi RM, or RWi) conducted from a feed size of approximately 10 mm to a product size on the order of 1 mm. The Bond crushing (impact) work index (Wi C, CWi, LEIT or IWi) conducted on specimens of a nominal dimension between 50 mm and 75 mm. The product size is not relevant to this test; it is a determination of the

Bond Work Index Tests Grinding Solutions Ltd

Bond Rod Mill Grindability Test. Grinding Solutions can carry out Bond Rod Mill Work Index tests to determine the energy requirements for milling ore in a rod mill. The test requires a minimum of 20kg of -12.5mm material. Closing screen sizes typically range from 4.75mm to 212µm. Abrasion Index Test

Bond Index Ball Mill Rod Mill BT 100 XL RETSCH

The Bond Index conforming rod charge consists of: 6 rods of 1.25“ diameter and 21“ length. 2 rods of 1.75“ diameter and 21“ length. The grinding jar for the Bond Index Rod Mill is 12″ x 24″ in size and has a wave-shaped design. At least 15 to 20 kg sample material is required to simulate a closed grinding circuit in a ball or rod mill.

Application of Operating Work Indices in Autogenous

Bond Ball Mill Work Index, BWi, kWh/t 13.4 Bond Rod Mill Work Index, RWi, kWh/t 18.1 Table 1. Example of AG/SAG Ball Mill Circuit Wio Calculations [1] [2] ABstrAct Optimum use of power in grinding, both in terms of grinding efficiency and use of installed capital, can have a large effect on profitability.

Bond Work Index Report Matrix House 911 Metallurgist

The Work Index is used when determining the size of the mill and grinding power required to produce the required ore throughput in a ball mill. 2. Procedure 2.1. Bond Ball Mill Grindability The sample was crushed to 100% passing 6 mesh (3.35mm), from this a 700 cc volume was measured and weighed to be used as feed for the Bond Mill.

Bond Work Index (Energy equation) Grinding

You need a two-stage solution, first stage open-circuit mill and then second stage closed-circuit mill. First stage, will be broken into two parts as well, you use a Bond rod mill work index for the coarse component of the ore (+2.1 mm) and the Bond ball mill work index for the fine component (-2.1 mm).

Orway Mineral Consultants Canada Ltd. Mississauga, ON

Bond’s approach consists of determining the ore hardness characteristics, or Work Index (Wi) via standardized laboratory testwork. The full suite of Bond comminution tests provide the Ball Mill Work Index (BWi), the Rod Mill Work Index (RWi), the Crusher Work Index (CWi) and the Abrasion Index

GMSG GUIDELINE: DETERMINING THE BOND EFFICIENCY

Bond Test WI’s (kWh/t): Rod Mill: Ball Mill: 9.5 kWh/t.8 9 kWh/t . Bond Standard Circuit Work Index: Assume the rod mill Work Index of 9.5 applies from the actual rod mill feed sizeof 19,300 mµ (although some of this work might ideally be done by crushers to achieve a rod mill F80 of 16,000 m) to a rod µ

Bond Ball Mill Work Index (Grindability Tests) YouTube

This video was put together by Joshua Wright and Aldo Vasquerizo as a supplemental lecture for University of Nevada Reno.If you have any questions, need advi.

Comminution testing JKTech University of Queensland

Jul 30, 2020· A Bond Ball Mill Work Index may also be used in the simulation and optimisation of existing mill(s) and the associated grinding circuit(s). Sample requirements: A minimum of 8 kg of material crushed to nominally minus 10 mm is preferred. JKTech would stage crush the sample to minus 3.35 mm, as required for the Bond Ball Mill Work Index test feed.

Commentary on the apparatus of the Bond rod mill work

A “Bond” rod mill work index is to be determined in an apparatus with a wave liner. The author is aware of four laboratories that offer a rod mill work index test where the lining of the mill is either smooth, or smooth with a small number of primitive lifters that do not constitute a wave liner (one of

Bond Work Index Rod Mill Titan Process Equipment Ltd.

The Titan Bond Work Index Rod Mill is one-piece cast construction with integral wave liners of a form described by Bond. This mill is used to perform the necessary metallurgical testing to determine the grinding characteristics of ores and power requirements for operating production-size rod mills.

Rapid determination of Bond rod-mill work index by

For comparing the standard Bond rod-mill work index and the new modeled method, work index (W i) and produced fine particles in a cycle (G i) for the four samples determined. The performed paired Student’s t-test results indicated that the Standard Deviation for G i and W i obtained by the shortened method are respectively 0.50 and 0.58 in

Comparison of UCS to Bond Work Indices

FIGURE 5: BOND ROD MILL WORK INDEX v. UNCONFINED COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH 0 100 200 300 400 UCS (MPa) 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 WiRM (metric) The lack of fit observed relating the crushing Work Index was expected to carry over to the other Bond Work Indices. Figure 5 displays the plot of rod mill Work Index (Wi RM) versus UCS. These

CORRELATION BETWEEN BOND WORK INDEX AND

The Bond's standard ball mill is used to determine the work index value of differ ent samples. The Bond work index is defined as the kilowatt-hours per short ton required to break from infinite size to a product size of 80% passing 100 µm. If the breakage characteristics of a material remain constant over all size ranges, the calcul ated work

Bond Grinding Circuit Efficiency

• Bond Test WI’s (kWh/t): Crushing:16.0 Rod Mill: 14.5 Ball Mill: 13.8 • Bond Standard Circuit Work Index: W1 = 16.0 x [(10 SQRT 16,000) (10 SQRT 165,000 )] = 0.9 kWh/t

Comminution testing JKTech University of Queensland

Jul 30, 2020· A Bond Ball Mill Work Index may also be used in the simulation and optimisation of existing mill(s) and the associated grinding circuit(s). Sample requirements: A minimum of 8 kg of material crushed to nominally minus 10 mm is preferred. JKTech would stage crush the sample to minus 3.35 mm, as required for the Bond Ball Mill Work Index test feed.

A Method of C alculating Autogenous/ Semi-Autogenous

No 1 rod mill/ball mill circuit was operating very efﬁ ciently when comparing the combined operating work indices for both mills with the rod mill and ball mill laboratory work indices. Note, in Figure. 1, that the rod mill product slope is less than 0.5 due to an extra amount of

AMIT 135: Lesson 8 Rod Mills Mining Mill Operator Training

Rod mill power is dependent on mill capacity and work index. Mill power increases with: Increasing rod charge; Increasing mill speed; Increasing mill length. Rowland and Kjos (1980) provided an expression to quantify power draw at the pinion shaft per unit mass of rods: Pâ†“M

(PDF) A quick method for bond work index approximate value

A quick procedure with two grinding cycles for the determination of the Bond. work index approximate value is exactly the same as in the first two grinding cycles of. the standard Bond test and

Rittinger an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Bond’s Table II [BON 54] gives a correction coefficient for the mill’s shaft energy according to the latter’s type and φ.. 2) Milled output with a size that is less than 70 μm:. The reference value W i must be multiplied by an enhancing coefficient [BON 54, p. 384].. 3) Wet grinding and dry grinding: Dry grinding requires more energy than wet grinding.

FM 306: SIZE REDUCTION AND SIEVING IIT Bombay

Ball mill is a metal cylinder which rotates about its horizontal axis. Bond’s Law: 4. Bonds law is often written in terms of the work index (Wi) as, Where the work index is defined as the energy required per unit mass in kWh/ton to reduce an infinitely large particles to D80 = 100 μm.

GeolabsGlobal South Africa Comminution

The Bond Rod Work Index Test determines the resistance of ore to grinding in a rod mill, expressed as a work index kilo Watt-hour per ton (kWh/t). The work index is then used to calculate the specific energy requirements for sizing rod mills or determining their throughput for a target grind. Sample Requirements: 15kg -12.5mm

Testwork: Bond abrasion index SAGMILLING.COM

The Bond Abrasion Index is a measure of how readily a rock sample will wear away steel that comes into contact with it. It is conventionally used to estimate the liner and media wear rate in rod mills, ball mills and crushers. This is a batch test and returns a result in units of grams (the amount of metal that wears off the test coupon).